The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Pharmacoepidemiology is that the study of applied medication and effects in massive numbers of people. It provides an estimate of the beneficial drug effect and an estimate of adverse drug effect in a population. It is said to be combination of Clinical Pharmacology and Epidemiology. It entirely deals with the calculation on Genetic Variation of drug effect, duration-response relationships, clinical effects of drug-drug interactions, and the effects of medication non-adherence.
- Therapeutic effects and drug safety
- Hypothesis testing
- Non-adherence effects
- Adverse drug reactions
Medicinal Chemistry is the branch of science that link may scientific disciples with a common goal of researching and developing new drugs. It involves the application of knowledge in synthesizing and developing new therapeutics. Medicinal Chemists are concerns with the Isolation of medicinal agents found in plants and collaborate scientists from different disciplines such as Biologists, Pharmacologists, theoretical chemists, Toxicologists, microbiologists and theoretical chemists to synthesize and develop new drugs in environment-friendly and cost-effective way.
Pharmacognosy on the other hand is the branch of knowledge involves in the production of medicinal drugs from Plants and any other natural resources. It is defined as the study of physical, chemical, biological and biochemical study of drug substances from natural origin in search of new drugs from natural sources.
- Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
- Herbal Products
- Crude drug
Pharmacokinetics is defined as the process of uptake of drugs by the body and the biotransformation, distribution of drugs and their metabolites from the body over a time period. It tells us about how a drug is being affected by the organism intake. Pharmacodynamics on the other side tells us how a drug affects the organism. The effects can include those manifested within humans, animals, microorganisms, or combinations of organisms.
- Ligands and receptors
- Therapeutic Window
- Multicellular Pharmacodynamics
Pharmacogenomics is the study of how a drug changes the genetic makeup of the organism. It deals with the influence of acquired and inherited genetic variation on drug response in patients by correlating gene expression or single-nucleotide polymorphisms with pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. It aims to develop optimised drug therapy with respect to patients’ genotype.
- Drug Metabolizing Enzymes
- Predictive Prescribing
- Personalized Medicine
Posology is the study of determination of appropriate dosages. The dosages are determined based ion the affinity of the targeted cell. The targeted cell should have the tendency to bind with the drug at the specific position for some time period. The better the fit the more likely it is that the compound will remain in place and influence the cell.
- Specificity of drug
- Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
- Pregnancy and Paediatric Population
- Method of administration
- Haematological and Dermatological effects
Pharmacoeconomics centres on the evaluation of Pharmaceuticals, and uses cost-benefit analysis, cost-minimization analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis or cost-utility analysis. It is a sub-disciple of health economics and helps in optimal healthcare resource allocation, in a standardized and scientifically grounded manner.
- Health Technology Assessments
- Impact on Industries
- Decision-analytic modelling
- Improving quality of Life
- Health Economics
Toxicology is the scientific study of adverse effects that occur in living organisms due to chemicals. It involves observing and reporting symptoms, mechanisms, detection and treatments of toxic substances, in relation to the poisoning of humans. It includes environmental agents and chemical compounds found in nature, as well as pharmaceutical compounds that are synthesized for medical use by humans. These substances may produce toxic effects in living organisms including disturbance in growth patterns, discomfort, disease and death.
- Regulatory toxicology
- Toxicologic Pathology
- Plant toxicology
- Emergent Contaminants
- Medical toxicology
- Clinical toxicology
Pharmacovigilance is defined as the science and activities relating to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effects or any other drug-related problem. Pharmacovigilance heavily focuses on adverse drug reactions, or ADRs, which are defined as any response to a drug which is noxious and unintended, including lack of efficacy.
- Analyse safety signals
- Recommend regulatory actions
- Communicate relevant safety information
- Adverse event reporting
- Individual Case Safety Report
Clinical Pharmacology encloses all aspects of the relationship between drugs and humans. It has a broad scope of discovering new target molecules and effect of drug usage in the whole population. It connects the gap between medical practices and laboratory science. Clinical Pharmacology aims to promote the safety of prescription, maximize the drug effects and minimize the side effects.
- Drug Development and Drug Interaction
- Molecular Pharmacology
- Rational Prescribing
Neuropharmacology is the study of effects of drugs on nervous system and aims in developing compounds that offer therapeutic benefits in humans with psychiatric and neurological disease. There are two branches of neuropharmacology i.e. behavioural and molecular. Behavioural neuropharmacology deals with the study of how drug affects human behaviour and how drug dependence and addiction affect the human brain. Molecular neuropharmacology deals with the study of neurons with their neurochemical interactions aiming in developing drugs that have helpful effects on neurological functions.
- Behavioural Neuropharmacology
- Molecular Neuropharmacology
- Ion Channels
Clinical research is a branch of healthcare science that determines the safety and effectiveness of medications, devices, diagnostic products and treatment regimens intended for human use. These may be used for prevention, treatment, diagnosis or for relieving symptoms of a disease. Clinical research is different from clinical practice. In clinical practice established treatments are used, while in clinical research evidence is collected to establish a treatment.
- Interventional clinical trials
- Observational clinical trials
- Phases of Trial
- Treatment trials
- Genetics trials
- Quality of Life trials
- Risk based management in clinical trials
Drug discovery and development together are the complete process of identifying a new drug and bringing it to market. Discovery may involve screening of chemical libraries, identification of the active ingredient from a natural remedy or design resulting from an understanding of the target. Development includes studies on microorganisms and animals, clinical trials and ultimately regulatory approval.
- Drug Design
- Drug Delivery
- Novel Approaches in Drug Discovery, Design, Development and Delivery
- Drug Metabolism
- Screening and design
- Chemical diversity
- Pre-clinical development
- Microbial metabolites & Marine invertebrates
A pharmaceutical formulation, in pharmaceutics, is the process in which different chemical substances, including the active drug, are combined to produce a final medicinal product. The word formulation is often used in a way that includes dosage form. Formulation studies involve developing a preparation of the drug which is both stable and acceptable to the patient. For orally administered drugs, this usually involves incorporating the drug into a tablet or a capsule. It is important to make the distinction that a tablet contains a variety of other potentially inert substances apart from the drug itself, and studies have to be carried out to ensure that the encapsulated drug is compatible with these other substances in a way that does not cause harm, whether direct or indirect.
Drug manufacturing is the process of industrial-scale synthesis of pharmaceutical drugs by pharmaceutical companies. The process of drug manufacturing can be broken down into a series of unit operations, such as milling, granulation, coating, tablet pressing, and others.
- Prontosil, Penicillin and vaccines
- Lyophilized drugs
- Liquid drugs
- Oral administration
It deals with the science of pharmacology and considers the role of the registered nurse in the preparation, management and administration of medications. It details the principles of pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics and identifies the role of nerve pathways in the action of drugs. When administering medications, it is important for the nurse to always follow the five rights of medication administration: the right patient, the right drug, the right dose, the right route, and the right time.
- Cardiovascular medications
- Pregnancy ratings
- Paediatric care
- Medication Management
Nanomedicine is a developing pattern in the medicinal field, as nanoparticles have been very much archived for their opposing movement against microscopic organisms, growths, and infections and has offered ascend to new bits of knowledge in antibiofilm explore. Nanomedicine looks to convey a profitable arrangement of research devices and clinically valuable gadgets in the close future. The National Nanotechnology Initiative expects new advertisement applications in the pharmaceutical business that may incorporate propelled tranquilize conveyance frameworks, new treatments, and in vivo imaging.
- Nano Imaging
- Drug Administration and Drug Delivery
- Nano Sensing
- Molecular Nanotechnology
Cognitive Behaviour therapy is a powerful treatment approach for a scope of mental and passionate medical problems including nervousness and gloom. CBT plans to enable an individual to distinguish and challenge unhelpful thoughts and to learn handy self-improvement systems. CBT is used to treat anxiety, depression, thoughts and behaviour.
- Addiction Control
- Stress inoculation training
- Schizophrenia, psychosis and mood disorders
- Medications in CBT
Paediatric Pharmacology plays a vital part in the field of Pharmacology. Infants and children tend to respond to the administered medicine in a different way as compared to adults. There will in general be a lower capacity to discharge medicates in newborn children as a result of the distinctions in glomerular filtration and hepatic capacity and there are additionally contrasts in the manner medications are redistributed inside the body, all of which will influence the patient's capacity to kill the medication. As the youngster develops, the capacity to discharge and utilize improves bringing about an abbreviated half-existence of generally drugs. As we become more established, especially as we become octogenarians, our capacity to discharge medications turns out to be practically similar to that of a neonate.
- Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics in Infants
- Tissue deposition
- Antibiotic resistance
- Allergic Reactions
- Toxicology research
Internal Medicine is the restorative forte managing the counteractive action, determination, and treatment of adult diseases. Doctors having some expertise in interior prescription are called internists, or doctors. Internists are gifted in the administration of patients who have undifferentiated or multi-framework ailment forms. Internists care for hospitalized and walking patients and may assume a noteworthy job in educating and research. Internal medicine is also a specialty within clinical pharmacy and veterinary medicine.
- Adolescent medicine
- Clinical cardiac electrophysiology
- Critical care medicine
- Geriatric medicine
- Sleep medicine
- Sports medicine